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Baseball Statistics




Baseball statistics summarize performance and play a key role in evaluating a player’s value to the sport. Baseball stats helps compare the on-field performance of players. Many baseball teams refer to these statistics to analyze player performance of other teams and formulate game strategies. Baseball statistics have been kept since the formation of the National and American Leagues and are currently an integral part of Major League Baseball (MLB). Baseball stats for Negro Leagues, the National Association and others also co-exist along with the MLB Stats.

Baseball  Stats are maintained at different levels for different leagues. Some of the Leagues for which the stats are maintained are:
The MLB stats contains statistics about two leagues:
Rest of the leagues maintaining the stats are: 

A Brief History About the Baseball Stats


Henry Chadwick started keeping player records during the 19th century. After his successful endeavor with cricket, he introduced the same concept to baseball. He started maintaining baseball statistics such as batting average (number of hits/number of at bats), runs scored and runs allowed. Over time these baseball stats evolved to include a variety of performance indicators. With the introduction of sabermetrics, baseball statistics today provide detailed performance reports for both players and teams. 

Different Baseball Statistics

The performance of each player as well as the performance of each team is recorded. Baseball statistics can include:
  • Batting Statistics
  • Baserunning Statistics
  • Pitching Statistics
  • Fielding Statistics
  • General Statistics

Use of Baseball Statistics


A baseball match includes several traditional statistics like batting average, home runs and RBIs. If a player leads in all of these three categories, he is the “Triple Crown” winner. For pitchers, the most important statistics are strikeouts, ERA and wins. The pitcher that leads in all of these three categories is also known as the “Triple Crown” winner.

Managers, pitchers and catchers use batter statistics to set fields and formulate pitching strategies. Managers and batters study the performance of the pitcher to improve batting turnover. Managers also rely upon their personal instinct to make decisions on relief pitcher substitutions, starting lineups and more.

With the introduction of sabermetric statistics, batter performances can be closely scrutinized. On-base plus slugging (OPS) is a very effective measure of baseball stats used to determine a batter’s performance. On base hitter percentage and slugging percentage are combined to get the OPS. This measure can also determine a pitcher’s level of success.

Opponent On-base Plus Slugging (OOPS) is another useful baseball statistic that has become quite popular over time. OOPS evaluates the actual performance of the pitcher. Besides OOPS, baseball statistics like strikeouts per walk (K/BB), strikeouts per nine innings (K/9IP), walks plus hits per inning pitched (WHIP) and HR/9 can also help analyze the performance of the pitcher. Defense-Independent Pitching Statistics has become increasingly popular since 2001. However, the use of anabolic steroids has affected the validity of some of these baseball stats.

Last updated on Mon, 07/19/2010 - 16:29.

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