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Baseball Stadiums

   
 
 
Baseball stadiums, also known as baseball parks, ball parks or ballparks, are the venues where baseball matches are organized and played. Baseball stadiums comprise playing arena or field and the surrounding gallery or seating area for the spectators. Stadiums also have other infrastructures like players’ area, press area and other service areas. While the playing field, especially the diamond and the areas marked with white painted lines follow strict guidelines, however the guidelines for the rest of the areas are flexible. It allows the authorities of the baseball stadiums to decorate their stadiums and have their own distinguished characters and styles.
 
 
Inside the Baseball Stadiums
 
The Playing Field
 
The infield is a diamond-shaped area with a home plate, three bases and the pitchers mound. The grass surface has dirt mound in its center. There are two white lines (called ‘Foul Line’) go out from the home plate area, touching the first and third base lines. At the end of the foul lines, lie two foul poles. On each side of the home plate, there are batter’s boxes, where the batters stand when at bat. Catcher’s box lies behind the home plate. Here stand the catcher and home plate umpire.
 
There are two Coach’s boxes lie beside 1st base and 3rd base. These are the places where the coaches guide baserunners from. There are dugouts located either side, away from the infield. These are the places where coaches and players sit while they are off-field. Dugouts may also be located above-ground and may have wooden or CMU structures.
 
The playing field in surrounded by fences of different height. In professional baseball stadiums, there is around 10 feet wide area made of rubberized track or dirt, surrounding the field. This change of track surface notifies a fielder, who is chasing after a ball in the air and helps him avoid possible collision with the fence.
 
There is also an area called the “batter’s eye”, which helps the batter to spot the white ball easily.
 
Seating Area
 
Most of the baseball stadiums have multi-tiered seating area including grandstand. The grandstands of some multi-purpose stadiums may surround the whole field. Some of the minor league baseball stadiums have one-tier grandstand. The seating area contains different types of seating arrangements including bleacher seats or inclined seats etc.
 
 
Types of Baseball Stadiums
 
There can be various types of baseball stadiums. Some of those can be listed as below.
 
Wooden Stadiums
 
The original professional baseball stadiums were wooden stadiums where seats were mounted on wooden platforms. Most of the stadiums had one-tier seating with a flat roof. The stadiums like American League Park, Bennett Park, Columbia Park, Eastern Park, and National League Park etc. were wooden stadiums.
 
Jewel Box Stadiums
 
These baseball stadiums have been built or rebuilt of concrete and steel after the wooden stadium era. Two-tier grandstands are quite common in these types of stadiums. Stadiums like Baker Bowl, Braves Field, Crosley Field, Ebbets Field, and Forbes Field etc. were jewel box stadiums.
 
Multi-purpose Stadiums
 
These stadiums are more advanced in nature. The baseball between 1960s and 1990s was dominated by these stadiums. Anaheim Stadium, Candlestick Park, Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum, Qualcomm Stadium and Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium etc. are examples of this kind of stadium.
 
Modern Stadiums
 
Modern stadiums are a bit different from the multi-purpose stadiums. Modern stadiums include some of the features of multi-purpose stadiums, while exclude some as well. Candlestick Park, Dodger Stadium, Kauffman Stadium, and U.S. Cellular Field etc. are examples of Modern Stadium.
 
Temporary and Converted Stadiums
 
During 1960s, it emerged out the need of expanding teams. Some of teams expanded in the cities where there were readily available facilities which they could share. But in some other cases, the teams found no stadiums in the new city to practice and play. So, temporary stadiums needed to be built. Stadiums like Arlington Stadium, Colt Stadium, Jarry Park Stadium, Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum and Metropolitan Stadium are the examples of those.
 
Indoor Stadiums
 
These are unique stadiums with covered roof, usually made up of hard concrete dome. The Astrodome, The Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome, The Kingdome, Olympic Stadium and Tropicana Field are examples of indoor stadium.
 
Retractable-roof Stadiums
 
These stadiums cover the roofs, which can also be opened as well. Chase Field, Miller Park, Minute Maid Park, Rays Ballpark, Rogers Centre and Safeco Field are retractable-roof stadiums.
 
Retro-classic Stadiums
 
These stadiums have been built with all the modern and luxurious facilities like luxury boxes, concession areas, more number of restrooms etc. and have other facilities like indoor concourses. Citi Field, AT&T Park, Comerica Park, Coors Field, Citizens Bank Park, Turner Field and PNC Park etc. are examples of retro-classic stadium.
 
Retro-modern Stadiums
 
These are the stadiums that deviated from incorporating modern-looking elements of stadiums, especially as suggested by Camden Yards. Angel Stadium of Anaheim, Great America Ball Park, Kauffman Stadium, Nationals Park, PETCO Park, and Progressive Field etc. are the examples of retro-modern stadium.
 
 
Major League Baseball Stadiums
 
Following is the list of Major League Baseball stadiums.
 
  • Angel Stadium of Anaheim
  • AT&T Park
  • Busch Stadium
  • Chase Field
  • Citi Field
  • Citizens Bank Park
  • Comerica Park
  • Coors Field
  • Dodger Stadium
  • Fenway Park
  • Great American Ball Park
  • Kauffman Stadium
  • Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum
  • Miller Park
  • Minute Maid Park
  • Nationals Park
  • Oriole Park at Camden Yards
  • PETCO Park
  • PNC Park
  • Progressive Field
  • Rangers Ballpark in Arlington
  • Rogers Centre
  • Safeco Field
  • Sun Life Stadium
  • Target Field
  • Tropicana Field
  • Turner Field
  • U.S. Cellular Field
  • Wrigley Field
  • Yankee Stadium
 
Last updated on Wed, 05/26/2010 - 15:11.

 
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